Albers, Josef

(1888-1976)
   painter and graphic artist; foremost interpreter of the Bauhaus* following his emigration and widely considered the forerunner of op art. He was born in the Westphalian town of Bottrop. During 1908-1913 he studied and taught at Berlin's* Konigliche Kunsthochschule. His teaching status brought an exemption from military service during World War I. In 1920 he enrolled in Johannes Itten's* introductory Bauhaus course; he remained with the school until the NSDAP forced its closure in April 1933. He was collabo-rating by 1922 on stained-glass projects with Walter Gropius,* and began team-teaching the introductory course in 1923 with Laszlo Moholy-Nagy.* When he left Germany in 1933, he had studied and taught at the Bauhaus for thirteen years, longer than any colleague.
   Albers emphasized technique and material quality rather than style. His early lithographs and woodcuts gradually gave way to brightly colored paintings that, stressing the use of bars and lines, possessed no element of depth or relief. Emigrating in 1933, he brought his ideas first to North Carolina's Black Mountain College and then, from 1950, to Yale. His comprehensive studies of color were published as Interaction of Color (1963).
   REFERENCES:Clair, 1920s; Neumann, Bauhaus; Nicholas Weber, Drawings of Josef Albers.

A Historical dictionary of Germany's Weimar Republic, 1918-1933. .

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Albers, Josef — born March 19, 1888, Bottrop, Ger. died March 25, 1976, New Haven, Conn., U.S. German U.S. painter, poet, teacher, and theoretician. He studied and taught at the Bauhaus and in 1933 became one of the first Bauhaus teachers to immigrate to the U.S …   Universalium

  • Albers, Josef — ► (1888 1976) Pintor alemán. Se dedicó, entre otros aspectos, al estudio de los volúmenes geométricos. Autor de Homenajes al cuadrado. * * * (19 mar. 1888, Bottrop, Alemania–25 mar. 1976, New Haven, Conn., EE.UU.). Pintor, poeta, profesor y… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Albers,Josef — Al·bers (ălʹbərz, ŏlʹ ), Josef. 1888 1976. German born American painter whose works, such as the series Homage to the Square (1950 1959), are characterized by simple geometric patterns of various colors. * * * …   Universalium

  • Albers — Albers, Josef …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Albers — Josef Albers Josef Albers est né le 19 mars 1888 à Bottrop (Allemagne) et mort le 26 mars 1976 à New Haven. Peintre et pédagogue de l art, Josef Albers enseigna au Bauhaus d octobre 1923 à avril 1933. Il est considéré comme un des initiateurs de… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Josef Albers — est né le 19 mars 1888 à Bottrop (Allemagne) et mort le 26 mars 1976 à New Haven. Peintre et pédagogue de l art, Josef Albers enseigna au Bauhaus d octobre 1923 à avril 1933. Il est considéré comme un des initiateurs de l art optique, ou Op art.… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • ALBERS (J.) — ALBERS JOSEF (1888 1976) Instituteur, ayant reçu une formation académique assez tardive à Berlin et à Essen, Josef Albers trouve sa voie au Bauhaus de Weimar, où il entre comme élève en 1920 (il suit les cours de Itten) et où il devient maître en …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Albers — (Josef) (1888 1976) peintre américain d origine allemande, maître de l abstraction géométrique …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Josef Albers — Infobox Artist bgcolour = name = Josef Albers imagesize = 250px caption = Homage to the Square, 1965 birthname = birthdate = birth date |1888|3|19 location = Bottrop, Westphalia Germany deathdate = death date and age |1976|3|25|1888|3|19… …   Wikipedia

  • Josef Albers — Estampilla que conmemora a Josef Albers Sello de correos dedicado …   Wikipedia Español

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.